It   was   a   monk   named   Bodhidharma   who   brought   a   number   of   gymnastic   exercises   to   the   Shaolin.   These   exercises   was   for   to improve   the   health   and   the   power   of   the   body.   Today   we   can   see   these   exercises   as   the   roots   of   the   Kata.   Based   on   this   first methods   of   selfdefence   has   been   found.   On   the   research   for   new   and   better   fighting   methods   they   did   watch   and   imitate   the   ways how   animals   prey   and   fight.      The   methods   of   the   animals   has   been   translated   to   a   human   form   and   got   part   of   Kata.   From   single movements to groups of movements and to a whole and complex form the Kata became the number one for teaching martial arts. For   each   way   of   teachement   of   knowledge   it   needs   a   usable   method.   If   the   goal   is   to   teach   body   skills   it   is   necessary   to   show   the movement.   A   theoretical   explanation   is   not   enough.   Also   it’s   important   to   save   this   knowledge   for   the   future.   This   happens   in   the Martial   Arts,   as   well   as   in   other   disciplines   like   dancing   for   example.   It's   not   wrong   to   believe   that   the   monks   of   Shaolin   did   see   the value   of   the   possibilities   to   practise,   to   teach   and   to   hand   down   the   knowledge   of   the   Martial   Arts   in   the   way   of   a   kind   of   dancing forms. Another   advantage   was,   that   it   was   possible   to   improve   the   own   skills   without   to   show   too   much   of   the   true   fighting   methods   to spectators.   Also   it   made   it   possible   to   teach   the   Martial   Arts   basicly   over   a   time,   which   could   be   used   for   to   learn   more   about   the students   mentality,   before   teaching   the   true   and   dangerous   methods   to   him.   In   this   view   the   Kata   is   an   excellent   method   for   to hand down the knowledge about the Martial Arts with responsibility. During   hundred   of   years   an   uncountable   number   of   Kata   has   been   found.   Nearly   each   Master   did   create   an   own   one.   The   lot   of   them are   based   on   the   translation   of   animal   fighting   techniques   to   the   human   possibilities.   Well   known   ar   ethe   schools   of   White   Crane, Tiger,   Snake,   Leopard,   Dragon,   Eagle   and   praying   Mantis.   But   also   the   movements   of   a   drunken   person   was   analyst   for   to   build   a highily effective fighting method. It   is   known   that   contact   between   Chinese   and   the   Islands   of   the   Ryu   Kyu   Archipel,   which   was   independet   from   Japan   in   this   area   did start   in   the   14th.   century.   Of   course   there   was   an   Art   of   figthing   there   called   Tòde.   But   the   chinese   methods   was   more   advanced. And   the   chinese   handed   down   their   knowledge   about   the   Martial   Arts.   But   if   we   compare   the   chinese   Martial   Arts   and   the   present Schools   of   Okinawa   we   can   see   strong   differences.   It   is   for   sure   that   most   of   the   Kata   used   in   Okinawa   have   chinese   roots,   but   clear to see, that this Kata have big differences from the chinese original forms. Each   nation   has   it's   own   typical   properties   in   body   structur,   culture   and   mentality.   And   so   the   okinwan   didn’t   take   over   the   chinese methods   without   to   change   them   in   the   way   of   there   own   imagines   of   the   way   of   fighting.   Not   only   the   movements   of   a   Kata   has been   changed,   but   also   it’s   spirit.   So   the   Kata   of   Okinawa   have   not   the   high   speed   of   the   chinese   forms,   were   the   techniques   will   be performed   without   any   break.   On   the   other   hand   okinwan   Kata   have   more   explosivity   in   single   techniques   and   have   more   attention in the way of dynamic performing. As   good   as   in   China   nearly   each   Master   had   his   own   kata.   Masters   of   Okinawa   did   adjust   the   Kata   to   theirs   own   meanings.   For   to   do this   properly   a   Master   has   to   have   a   highly   knowledge   about   the   biomechanic   and   the   true   Bunkai   of   the   techniques.   So   a   lot   of Masters like Yasutsune Itosu or Kenwa Mabuni did create own Kata later in their life. Today   no   only   at   Okinawa   a   lot   of   versions   of   the   same   Kata   exist.   As   long   as   changes   are   done   on   a   way   that   the   positive   effect   for training   of   the   Kata   isn't   disturbed   and   as   long   as   the   Bunkai   is   possible,   these   changes   are   good   for   the   vitality   of   the   Kata   and   the Marital Arts. As   the   people   of   Okinawa   did   learn   the   Martial   Arts   from   Chinese   Master   they   didn't   adjust   the   Art   to   their   meanings   immediatly. This   development   happens   slowly   and   over   a   time   of   generations.   Because   of   this   that   Karate   was   made   public   worldwide   not   before the   middle   of   the   20th.   century   we   cannot   see   an   adjustment   of   Karate   to   the   typcial   properties   of   the   people   from   the   different nations   by   now.   But   it   is   to   see   hat   this   has   it's   beginnings.   In   the   way   of   regional   mentality   the   Karate   start   to   get   special interpretation   of   doing   the   Kata.   Some   prefere   a   powerfull   and   strong   technique,   others   like   to   practise   more   speed   and   elegance. These is also a reason for the fact that the different schools of Karate has different success. In   the   time   when   the   dogma   that   a   Kata   is   unchangeable   losing   it's   power,   the   development   from   the   traditional   Karate   to   a   regional typical   Karate   will   begin.   Of   course   this   will   include   the   risk   of   a   fault   Karate   and   the   lost   of   quality   and   knowledge.   But   my   opinion   is that Karate has to adjust to the praticioner and not the practicioner has to adjust to Karate. On   the   end   it   means   that   it   is   the   way   to   an   individual   Karat.   A   Karate   like   it   was   normal   in   the   time   when   Karate   did   start   it's   way   in Okinawa.
It    was    a    monk    named    Bodhidharma    who    brought    a    number    of gymnastic    exercises    to    the    Shaolin.    These    exercises    was    for    to improve   the   health   and   the   power   of   the   body.   Today   we   can   see these   exercises   as   the   roots   of   the   Kata.   Based   on   this   first   methods of   selfdefence   has   been   found.   On   the   research   for   new   and   better fighting   methods   they   did   watch   and   imitate   the   ways   how   animals prey   and   fight.      The   methods   of   the   animals   has   been   translated   to   a human   form   and   got   part   of   Kata.   From   single   movements   to   groups of   movements   and   to   a   whole   and   complex   form   the   Kata   became the number one for teaching martial arts. For   each   way   of   teachement   of   knowledge   it   needs   a   usable   method. If    the    goal    is    to    teach    body    skills    it    is    necessary    to    show    the movement.    A    theoretical    explanation    is    not    enough.    Also    it’s important   to   save   this   knowledge   for   the   future.   This   happens   in   the Martial   Arts,   as   well   as   in   other   disciplines   like   dancing   for   example. It's   not   wrong   to   believe   that   the   monks   of   Shaolin   did   see   the   value of    the    possibilities    to    practise,    to    teach    and    to    hand    down    the knowledge of the Martial Arts in the way of a kind of dancing forms. Another   advantage   was,   that   it   was   possible   to   improve   the   own skills   without   to   show   too   much   of   the   true   fighting   methods   to spectators.   Also   it   made   it   possible   to   teach   the   Martial   Arts   basicly over   a   time,   which   could   be   used   for   to   learn   more   about   the students   mentality,   before   teaching   the   true   and   dangerous   methods to   him.   In   this   view   the   Kata   is   an   excellent   method   for   to   hand down the knowledge about the Martial Arts with responsibility. During   hundred   of   years   an   uncountable   number   of   Kata   has   been found.   Nearly   each   Master   did   create   an   own   one.   The   lot   of   them are   based   on   the   translation   of   animal   fighting   techniques   to   the human   possibilities.   Well   known   ar   ethe   schools   of   White   Crane, Tiger,   Snake,   Leopard,   Dragon,   Eagle   and   praying   Mantis.   But   also the   movements   of   a   drunken   person   was   analyst   for   to   build   a highily effective fighting method. It   is   known   that   contact   between   Chinese   and   the   Islands   of   the   Ryu Kyu   Archipel,   which   was   independet   from   Japan   in   this   area   did   start in   the   14th.   century.   Of   course   there   was   an   Art   of   figthing   there called   Tòde.   But   the   chinese   methods   was   more   advanced.   And   the chinese   handed   down   their   knowledge   about   the   Martial   Arts.   But   if we   compare   the   chinese   Martial   Arts   and   the   present   Schools   of Okinawa   we   can   see   strong   differences.   It   is   for   sure   that   most   of the   Kata   used   in   Okinawa   have   chinese   roots,   but   clear   to   see,   that this Kata have big differences from the chinese original forms. Each   nation   has   it's   own   typical   properties   in   body   structur,   culture and   mentality.   And   so   the   okinwan   didn’t   take   over   the   chinese methods   without   to   change   them   in   the   way   of   there   own   imagines of   the   way   of   fighting.   Not   only   the   movements   of   a   Kata   has   been changed,   but   also   it’s   spirit.   So   the   Kata   of   Okinawa   have   not   the high    speed    of    the    chinese    forms,    were    the    techniques    will    be performed   without   any   break.   On   the   other   hand   okinwan   Kata   have more   explosivity   in   single   techniques   and   have   more   attention   in   the way of dynamic performing. As   good   as   in   China   nearly   each   Master   had   his   own   kata.   Masters   of Okinawa   did   adjust   the   Kata   to   theirs   own   meanings.   For   to   do   this properly    a    Master    has    to    have    a    highly    knowledge    about    the biomechanic   and   the   true   Bunkai   of   the   techniques.   So   a   lot   of Masters   like   Yasutsune   Itosu   or   Kenwa   Mabuni   did   create   own   Kata later in their life. Today   no   only   at   Okinawa   a   lot   of   versions   of   the   same   Kata   exist. As   long   as   changes   are   done   on   a   way   that   the   positive   effect   for training   of   the   Kata   isn't   disturbed   and   as   long   as   the   Bunkai   is possible,   these   changes   are   good   for   the   vitality   of   the   Kata   and   the Marital Arts. As   the   people   of   Okinawa   did   learn   the   Martial   Arts   from   Chinese Master   they   didn't   adjust   the   Art   to   their   meanings   immediatly.   This development    happens    slowly    and    over    a    time    of    generations. Because   of   this   that   Karate   was   made   public   worldwide   not   before the   middle   of   the   20th.   century   we   cannot   see   an   adjustment   of Karate   to   the   typcial   properties   of   the   people   from   the   different nations   by   now.   But   it   is   to   see   hat   this   has   it's   beginnings.   In   the way     of     regional     mentality     the     Karate     start     to     get     special interpretation    of    doing    the    Kata.    Some    prefere    a    powerfull    and strong   technique,   others   like   to   practise   more   speed   and   elegance. These   is   also   a   reason   for   the   fact   that   the   different   schools   of Karate has different success. In   the   time   when   the   dogma   that   a   Kata   is   unchangeable   losing   it's power,   the   development   from   the   traditional   Karate   to   a   regional typical   Karate   will   begin.   Of   course   this   will   include   the   risk   of   a   fault Karate   and   the   lost   of   quality   and   knowledge.   But   my   opinion   is   that Karate   has   to   adjust   to   the   praticioner   and   not   the   practicioner   has to adjust to Karate. On   the   end   it   means   that   it   is   the   way   to   an   individual   Karat.   A Karate   like   it   was   normal   in   the   time   when   Karate   did   start   it's   way in Okinawa.
Karatekata
Development of Kata
Karatekata
Development of Kata