The   Kata   Jion,   Ji’in   and   Jitte   have   a   strong   relationship.   In   any   case   it   seems   that   they are from the same school. Some   suppose   that   Ji’in   and   Jitte   are   some   versions   of   Jion.   Some   suppose   that   Itosu did create Ji’in and Jitte. On   the   other   hand   there   is   a   theory   which   count   all   three   Kata   to   the   lineage   of Tomari-te. The   technique   at   the   beginning   and   at   the   end   reminds   to   greating   ceremony   of Chinese   masters,   but   in   fact   it’s   a   real   fighting   technique.   The   traditional   Jion   is   very similar   to   the   Shotokan   version,   but   ends   far   behind   the   point   where   it   start.   Some suppose   that   Jion   is   from   the   Shaolin   monestry.   The   name   Jion   can   be   translated   as the   love   and   mercy   of   buddha.   Doing   Jion   on   the   right   way   it   shows   majestics   and mercy   (maybe   in   the   meaning   of   regret).   The   length   of   the   Kata   and   the   depth   of   the stances   is   a   reason   to   suppose   that   it   is   an   elementary   Kata   to   learn   basic   techniques and   to   improve   the   power   of   the   body.   Probably   it   is,   like   Ji’in   and   Jitte,   from   the   tiger style of Shaolin.
Jion
Meaning of the name Music of the temple Moves: 51
Classification Shorin-Ryu
Stye Shito-Ryu Shotokan
Level Medium
Ji’in   looks   more   similar   to   Jion   as   to   Jitte   and   is   also   longer   than   Jitte.   But   Ji’in includes   an   advanced   footwork   with   difficult   turns.   In   case   of   footwork   it’s   the   most difficult one of the three Kata. From Ji’in different versions are known. So   even   in   the   Shotokan   style   we   find   different   versions   of   the   Kata.   So   the   JKA version is different to the version of SKI (Hirokazu Kanazawa). Ji’in    teaches    how    to    move    out    to    the    side    and    a    how    to    move    out    by    a    turn backwards. The   name   ca   be   translate   as   “ground   of   the   temple”.   It’s   maybe   a   hint   for   the important meaning of the footwork. Ji’in is the only Kata of the three Kata which ends close to the point where it start. Very   interesting   is   that,   if   someone   will   do   all   three   Kata   one   after   the   other   he   comes back to the point where he did start. Not   every   old   Kata   will   end   on   the   point   where   it   starts.   A   lot   of   the   old   masters   did exercise   outside,   where   really   was   enough   space.   But   if   this   three   Kata   comes   form the   Shaolin   temple   and   was   be   done   by   groups   of   students   in   the   auricle   of   the temple   it   can   be   supposed   that   in   former   times   all   three   Kata   has   been   a   single   large one.      And   has   been   cut   in   three   parts   from   masters   from   Tomari   or   Shuri.   But   this   is not for sure.
Ji’in
Meaning of the name Ground of the temple Moves: 39
Classification Shorin-Ryu
Stye Shito-Ryu Shotokan
Level Medium
Jitte   is   the   shortest   of   the   three   Kata.   In   Shotokan   it   has   been   modified   mor   than   Ji’in or   Jion   and   is   known   as   a   Kata   against   the   Bo.   Of   course   Karate   can   be   used   to   fight against   weapons.   But   no   Kata   has   been   created   only   for   to   teach   fighting   methods against weapons. The   real   speed   of   the   techniques   in   combat   is   not   the   speed   we   see   done   in   the   Kata. So   Jitte   is   a   good   example   that   the   speed   of   a   technique   done   in   the   Kata   must   be chosen   in   a   way   that   we   have   a   mostly   good   effect   to   learn   it.   The   biggest   mistake   bei doing a Kata is, to give a higher meaning to the speed than to the perfection. Every   technique   has   it's   own   optimal   speed,   what   is   really   important   in   case   of   lever and Throwing techniques. In   the   training   slow   what   is   fast   in   combat.   This   is   a   wise   of   an   old   master   of   chinese Wu   Dang).   It   could   have   the   meaning   that   it   is   the   best   way   to   perform   with   a   speed, which   is   the   best   one   for   to   learn.   The   different   speed   of   techniques   in   a   Kata   has   to been   seen   under   this   point   of   view.   Because   really   every   technique   of   a   Kata   has   it's meaning. The   meaning   of   the   name   Jitte   (ten   hands)   is   not   sure   and   will   be   interpreted different.   So   it   shall   create   a   power   what   allows   to   fight   against   10   attackers.   Some others   believe   that   the   name   has   to   do   with   the   japanese   weapon   Jitte   what   looks similar   to   the   Sai.   But   maybe   the   name   give   a   hint   that   using   Jitte   someone   get   a strong   body   and   power   especially   in   the   middle   part   of   the   body.   Maybe   as   much   that it would need ten hands for to fix master of this Kata.
Jitte
Meaning of the name Ten hands Moves: 29
Klassifizierung Shorin-Ryu
Stye Shito-Ryu Shotokan
Level Medium
Kosokun   Dai   was   made   by   Yasutsune   Itosu.   The   famous   master   of   the   Shuri-te lineage   did   change   a   lot   of   the   old   Kata,   or   did   even   create   some   new   one.   The reasons   for   this   are   unknown.   Fact   is   his   creations,   like   Kosokun   Dai,   are   easier versions   as   the   original   versions.   The   reason   for   this   could   to   have   to   do   with   Itosu’s intention to make the Karate public. The   Kosokun   Dai   is   named   in   the   Shotokan   style   as   Kanku   Dai.   Kanku   has   the meaning   "view   to   the   sky",   what   has   it's   reason   in   the   beginning   movement   of   the Kata.   In   the   Shotokan   style   only   a   few   technical   details,   especially   the   stances   have been changed. The   Kosokun   Dai   is   clearly   shorter   as   the   Kushanku,   from   which   it   has   been   created. Though   it   is   one   of   the   longest   Kata   of   Karate   and   it’s   performance   demands   a   good edurance.   The   Kata   symbolized   the   combat   against   8   opponents.   But   this   don't   mean that   a   real   fight   against   8   attackers   in   the   same   time.   Because   of   this   that   the   Kata teaches   many   different   forms   of   attack   and   defence   with   high   and   deep   actions   and also   techniques   to   the   front,   the   side   and   to   the   back   with   many   and   fast   changings   of the   direction   it   could   be   that   the   number   8   has   to   do   with   this   attributes   of   the   Kata. At   least   the   question   is   if   the   Kosokun   Dai   should   be   done   additional   to   the   Kushanku, though the version is usuable.
Kosokun Dai
Meaning of the name Name of a chinese Master Moves: 71
Classification Shorin-Ryu
Stye Shito-Ryu Shotokan
Level Advanced
Also the Kosokun Sho is made by Yasutsune Itosu. The   Kata   includes   the   main   techniques   of   Kosokun   Dai,   but   shows   also   some   own specialities.   The   beginning   of   the   Kata   with   Morote   Yoko   Uke   is   very   interesting   and   in fact more difficult as the beginning of Kosokun Dai. Also it includes techniques from the Kata Rohai Shodan and Wanshu. In the Shotokan a   jump   (Tobi   Ushiro   Geri)   is   included,   but   in   the   original   version   it’s   just   a   turn.   And this matches much more with the Bunkai of the Kata as the jump will do. Kosokun   Sho   is   a   Kata   with   a   strong   expression   und   though   it   is   shorter   than   Kosokun Dai   it   needs   as   much   endurance.   It's   level   is   a   bit   higher.   Kosokun   Sho   was   the primary   Kata   of   master   Chibana,   a   student   of   Itosu,   and   his   version   of   the   Kata   shows some   clear   differences.   Another   Kata   named   Shiho   Kosokun   is   also   very   similar   to   the Kosokun   Dai,   but   it’s   Enbusen   is   mainly   to   the   side.   Shiho   Kosokun   is,   according   to Kenzo Mabuni, made by his father Kenwa Mabuni.
Kosokun Sho
Meaning of the name Name of a chinese Master Moves: 63
Classification Shorin-Ryu
Stye Shito-Ryu Shotokan
Level Advanced
According   to   history   tales   the   Okinawaner   Sakugawa   did   meet   the   chinese   Martial   Arts master   Ku   Shan   Ku,   also   known   as   Ko   So   Kun,   who   did   accept   him   as   a   student   and handed   him   down   this   Kata.   If   Ku   Shan   Ku   was   the   founder   of   the   Kata   is   unknown. Kushanku   is   a   typical   chinese   Kata.   Very   long,   fast   and   with   acrobatic   elements   which demands a high flexibility. According   to   some   master   it   will   need   10   years   for   mastering   the   Kata.   This   includes not   only   the   technical   skills   for   doing   the   Kata,   but   especially   the   fighting   aspects.   Not only   the   knowledge   about   to   use   the   techniques,   but   also   the   knowledge   how   to   use the   technique   in   real   fight   is   important.   In   Shuri-te   as   well   as   in   Tomari-te   the   Kata   is known as the most advanced one.. It   has   been   used   from   many   master,   has   been   developed   and   interpreted.   So   there are    many    different    versions    like    the    Chatanyara    no    Kushanku,    Sakugawa    no Kushanku, Kuniyoshi no Kushanku, Chibana no Kushanku and Itosu no Kushanku. The most authentic version is probably the Chatanyara no Kushanku All   these   Kushanku   versions   are   very   similar,   expect   the   Chibana   no   Kushanku,   which is   in   parts   similar   to   the   Kosokun   Sho.   Itosu   no   Kushanku   is   the   basic   of   the   Kata Kosokun   Dai   (Kanku   Sho)   and   Kosokun   Sho   (Kanku   Sho).   And   also   the   Shiho   Kosokun is   sometimes   called   as   a   creation   of   Yasutsune   Itosu,   as   a   kind   of   summary   of   the main   techniques   from   Kosokun   Dai   and   Kosokun   Sho.   But,   according   to   Kenzo   Mabuni Shiho Kosokun was made by his father Kenwa Mabuni. Some   techniques   allows   to   count   Kushanku   to   the   style   of   white   crane.   The   idea   to see   the   Kata   as   a   Kata   for   fighting   in   the   Night   or   fighting   in   the   darkness   isn't without   doubts.   Basic   for   this   theory   are   the   technique   to   duck   down   to   the   ground.     Some   suppose   that   this   is   a   kind   of   emergency   dodge,   because   of   the   sound   of   an attack without to be able, because of the darkness, to see the attack. But   this   technique   is   only   to   see   in   Kanku   Dai   and   in   no   other   older   version   of Kushanku, so it’s not for sure to see it like this. We   can   see   mystic   in   some   Kata.   But   it’s   not   necessary   to   try   to   make   them   even more mystic.
Kushanku
Meaning of the name Name of a chinese Master Moves: 84
Classification Shorin-Ryu
Stye Shito-Ryu
Level Advanced
Naifanchin   is   an   old   Chinese   Form.   The   original   version   is   very   long   and   especially   the movements   from   Naifanchin   Dachi   into   Kosa   Dachi   will   be   done   with   maximum   speed, in   chinese   Quan   Fa,   while   it's   done   very   slowly   in   okinawan   Karate.   But   this   kind   of fast   move   out   by   step   into   Kosa   Dachi   is   one   of   the   main   points   of   the   fighting principles   of   the   Kata.   In   Naifanchin   Shodan   it's   done   in   the   beginning   of   the   Kata   in   a way   which   also   allows   to   do   Hiza   Geri.   Another   speciality   of   the   Kata   are   the   Ashi Barai techniques and the Morote zuki to the side. Naifanchin   Shodan   is   a   very   short   Kata.   One   of   the   main   parts   are   that   all   techniques will be done left and right side. So both sides of the body will make a profit by this. There   are   a   lot   of   theories   trying   to   explain   the   reason   why   it’s   done   only   to   the   side. Some   suppose   that   the   Kata   give   a   simulation   for   techniques   sitting   on   the   back   of   a horse,   according   to   the   stance   Naifanchin   Dachi   (horse   stance).   But   we   can   have doubt’s,   in   point   of   view   that   techniques   (Ura   zuki)   will   be   done   to   the   front   (to   the horses   neck?).   Another   theory   tells   that   the   Kata   teaches   the   art   to   fight   in   low   space, with   the   back   on   a   wall,   or   an   abysss,   where   only   the   way   to   the   side   is   possible.   This is   obvious   what's   done   in   the   Kata.   But   the   figthing   principles   of   any   Kata   mustn't follow   the   principles   of   training.   So   it   is   also   possible   to   make   this   steps   not   only   to the side, but also in diagonal directions. So it is possible to step around the opponent. And   by   using   this   kind   of   move   out,   the   fighting   ways   of   the   Kata   are   very   effective, dynamic and surprising.
Naifanchin Shodan
Meaning of the name Sidewise fighting 1 27 Moves
Classification Shorin-Ryu
Style Shito-Ryu Shotokan
Level Medium
Naifanchin   Nidan   is   as   short   than   Shodan   and   starts   with   a   release   techinque   by   using Empi. In   a   chinese   version   this   is   the   beginn   of   the   original   Naifanchin.   Which   was      known   in Naha-te before the Kata found the way to Shuri. In   the   Shuri-te   lineage   the   Kata   was   used   from   Anko   Azato   who   handed   it   down   to Gichin   Funakoshi   in   the   old   original   version.   Yasutsune   Itosu   did   develop   the   Kata   to the present knwon version Naifanchin Shodan, Nidan and Sandan. But   also   it's   said   that   Sokon   Matsumura   did   create   Naifanchin   Shodan   and   Nidan.   The summary of all three version don't bring it back to the original Naifanchin. A   special   point   of   Naifanchin   Nidan   is   a   way   of   doing   Ashi   Bara   which   is   very   similiar to   the   Osoto   Gari   which   is   known   from   Judo.   These   throwing   technique   is   very effective and good for close combat even in tournaments. In   fact   the   Naifanchin   are   Kata   with   fighting   principles   of   a   high   level.   To   interpret them   as   fighting   to   the   side,   or   with   the   back   on   the   wall,   is   as   if   to   look   at   the   forrest and only to be able to see one single tree. So   the   Naifanchin   Shodan   was   the   primary   Kata   of   Choki   Motobu,   one   of   the   most famous fighters of Okinawa. The   original   version,   is   in   the   hand   of   some   very   few   grand   masters   like   Kenei Mabuni.
Naifanchin Nidan
Meaning of the name Sidewise fighting 2 30 Moves
Classification Shorin-Ryu
Style Shito-Ryu Shotokan
Level Medium
Naifanchin   Sandan   ist   the   longest   and   most   advanced   of   the   three   Kata.   It   includes very difficult combinations. So   at   the   beginning   we   find   8   arm   techniques   done   in   Naifanchin   Dachi   without   any brake or any step. These   techniques   are,   in   connection   with   a   difficult   kind   of   hip   insertion,   are   from highly technical level. Another   part   are   the   circular   techniques   which   are   using   the   possibilities   of   the shoulder joint to create centrifugal forces. In   fact   the   three   Naifanchin   Kata   at   all   includes   a   very   advanced   and   versatile complete   fighting   system.   About   the   roots   of   the   original   version   only   few   details   are known.   So   the   Chinese   master   Ason   was   probably   the   one   who   brought   the   Kata   to Okinawa into the Naha-te. Into the Shotokan style the Kata was taken nearly without any changes. Only   the   stance   Naifanchin   Dachi,   which   is   just   a   bit   more   than   shoulder   wide   and more   a   kind   of   high   stance,   but   with   a   lot   of   stability   and   possibilities   for   fast reactions,   was   exchanged   with   Kiba   Dachi.   But   the   Kiba   Dachi   doesn't   match   well   with the original fighting methodes of the Kata.
Naifanchin Sandan
Meaning of the name Sidewise fighting 3 35 Moves
Classification Shorin-Ryu
Style Shito-Ryu Shotokan
Level Medium
Meaning of the name Music of the temple Moves: 51
Jion
Classification Shorin-Ryu
Style Shito Ryu / Shotokan
Level Medium
The   Kata   Jion,   Ji’in   and   Jitte   have   a   strong   relationship.   In   any   case   it seems that they are from the same school. Some   suppose   that   Ji’in   and   Jitte   are   some   versions   of   Jion.   Some suppose that Itosu did create Ji’in and Jitte. On   the   other   hand   there   is   a   theory   which   count   all   three   Kata   to   the lineage of Tomari-te. The   technique   at   the   beginning   and   at   the   end   reminds   to   greating ceremony    of    Chinese    masters,    but    in    fact    it’s    a    real    fighting technique.   The   traditional   Jion   is   very   similar   to   the   Shotokan   version, but   ends   far   behind   the   point   where   it   start.   Some   suppose   that   Jion is   from   the   Shaolin   monestry.   The   name   Jion   can   be   translated   as   the love   and   mercy   of   buddha.   Doing   Jion   on   the   right   way   it   shows majestics   and   mercy   (maybe   in   the   meaning   of   regret).   The   length   of the   Kata   and   the   depth   of   the   stances   is   a   reason   to   suppose   that   it   is an   elementary   Kata   to   learn   basic   techniques   and   to   improve   the power   of   the   body.   Probably   it   is,   like   Ji’in   and   Jitte,   from   the   tiger style of Shaolin.
Meaning of the name Ground of the temple Moves: 39
Ji’in
Classification Shorin-Ryu
Style Shito Ryu / Shotokan
Level Medium
Ji’in   looks   more   similar   to   Jion   as   to   Jitte   and   is   also   longer   than   Jitte. But   Ji’in   includes   an   advanced   footwork   with   difficult   turns.   In   case   of footwork   it’s   the   most   difficult   one   of   the   three   Kata.   From   Ji’in different versions are known. So   even   in   the   Shotokan   style   we   find   different   versions   of   the   Kata. So    the    JKA    version    is    different    to    the    version    of    SKI    (Hirokazu Kanazawa). Ji’in   teaches   how   to   move   out   to   the   side   and   a   how   to   move   out   by   a turn backwards. The   name   ca   be   translate   as   “ground   of   the   temple”.   It’s   maybe   a   hint for the important meaning of the footwork. Ji’in   is   the   only   Kata   of   the   three   Kata   which   ends   close   to   the   point where it start. Very   interesting   is   that,   if   someone   will   do   all   three   Kata   one   after   the other he comes back to the point where he did start. Not   every   old   Kata   will   end   on   the   point   where   it   starts.   A   lot   of   the old   masters   did   exercise   outside,   where   really   was   enough   space.   But if   this   three   Kata   comes   form   the   Shaolin   temple   and   was   be   done   by groups   of   students   in   the   auricle   of   the   temple   it   can   be   supposed that   in   former   times   all   three   Kata   has   been   a   single   large   one.      And has   been   cut   in   three   parts   from   masters   from   Tomari   or   Shuri.   But this is not for sure.
Meaning of the name Ten hands Moves: 29
Jitte
Classification Shorin-Ryu
Style Shito Ryu / Shotokan
Level Medium
Jitte   is   the   shortest   of   the   three   Kata.   In   Shotokan   it   has   been modified   mor   than   Ji’in   or   Jion   and   is   known   as   a   Kata   against   the   Bo. Of   course   Karate   can   be   used   to   fight   against   weapons.   But   no   Kata has been created only for to teach fighting methods against weapons. The   real   speed   of   the   techniques   in   combat   is   not   the   speed   we   see done   in   the   Kata.   So   Jitte   is   a   good   example   that   the   speed   of   a technique   done   in   the   Kata   must   be   chosen   in   a   way   that   we   have   a mostly   good   effect   to   learn   it.   The   biggest   mistake   bei   doing   a   Kata is, to give a higher meaning to the speed than to the perfection. Every   technique   has   it's   own   optimal   speed,   what   is   really   important in case of lever and Throwing techniques. In   the   training   slow   what   is   fast   in   combat.   This   is   a   wise   of   an   old master   of   chinese   Wu   Dang).   It   could   have   the   meaning   that   it   is   the best   way   to   perform   with   a   speed,   which   is   the   best   one   for   to   learn. The   different   speed   of   techniques   in   a   Kata   has   to   been   seen   under this   point   of   view.   Because   really   every   technique   of   a   Kata   has   it's meaning. The   meaning   of   the   name   Jitte   (ten   hands)   is   not   sure   and   will   be interpreted   different.   So   it   shall   create   a   power   what   allows   to   fight against   10   attackers.   Some   others   believe   that   the   name   has   to   do with   the   japanese   weapon   Jitte   what   looks   similar   to   the   Sai.   But maybe   the   name   give   a   hint   that   using   Jitte   someone   get   a   strong body   and   power   especially   in   the   middle   part   of   the   body.   Maybe   as much that it would need ten hands for to fix master of this Kata.
Meaning of the name Name of a chinese Master Moves: 71
Kosokun Dai
Classification Shorin-Ryu
Style Shito Ryu / Shotokan
Level Advanced
Kosokun   Dai   was   made   by   Yasutsune   Itosu.   The   famous   master   of   the Shuri-te   lineage   did   change   a   lot   of   the   old   Kata,   or   did   even   create some    new    one.    The    reasons    for    this    are    unknown.    Fact    is    his creations,    like    Kosokun    Dai,    are    easier    versions    as    the    original versions.   The   reason   for   this   could   to   have   to   do   with   Itosu’s   intention to make the Karate public. The   Kosokun   Dai   is   named   in   the   Shotokan   style   as   Kanku   Dai.   Kanku has   the   meaning   "view   to   the   sky",   what   has   it's   reason   in   the beginning   movement   of   the   Kata.   In   the   Shotokan   style   only   a   few technical details, especially the stances have been changed. The   Kosokun   Dai   is   clearly   shorter   as   the   Kushanku,   from   which   it   has been   created.   Though   it   is   one   of   the   longest   Kata   of   Karate   and   it’s performance   demands   a   good   edurance.   The   Kata   symbolized   the combat   against   8   opponents.   But   this   don't   mean   that   a   real   fight against   8   attackers   in   the   same   time.   Because   of   this   that   the   Kata teaches   many   different   forms   of   attack   and   defence   with   high   and deep   actions   and   also   techniques   to   the   front,   the   side   and   to   the back   with   many   and   fast   changings   of   the   direction   it   could   be   that the   number   8   has   to   do   with   this   attributes   of   the   Kata.   At   least   the question   is   if   the   Kosokun   Dai   should   be   done   additional   to   the Kushanku, though the version is usuable.
Meaning of the name Name of a chinese Master Moves: 63
Kosokun Sho
Classification Shorin-Ryu
Style Shito Ryu / Shotokan
Level Advanced
Also the Kosokun Sho is made by Yasutsune Itosu. The   Kata   includes   the   main   techniques   of   Kosokun   Dai,   but   shows also   some   own   specialities.   The   beginning   of   the   Kata   with   Morote Yoko    Uke    is    very    interesting    and    in    fact    more    difficult    as    the beginning of Kosokun Dai. Also   it   includes   techniques   from   the   Kata   Rohai   Shodan   and   Wanshu. In the Shotokan a   jump   (Tobi   Ushiro   Geri)   is   included,   but   in   the   original   version   it’s just   a   turn.   And   this   matches   much   more   with   the   Bunkai   of   the   Kata as the jump will do. Kosokun   Sho   is   a   Kata   with   a   strong   expression   und   though   it   is shorter   than   Kosokun   Dai   it   needs   as   much   endurance.   It's   level   is   a bit   higher.   Kosokun   Sho   was   the   primary   Kata   of   master   Chibana,   a student    of    Itosu,    and    his    version    of    the    Kata    shows    some    clear differences.   Another   Kata   named   Shiho   Kosokun   is   also   very   similar to   the   Kosokun   Dai,   but   it’s   Enbusen   is   mainly   to   the   side.   Shiho Kosokun   is,   according   to   Kenzo   Mabuni,   made   by   his   father   Kenwa Mabuni.
Meaning of the name Name of a chinese Master Moves: 84
Kushanku
Classification Shorin-Ryu
Style Shito Ryu
Level Advanced
According   to   history   tales   the   Okinawaner   Sakugawa   did   meet   the chinese   Martial   Arts   master   Ku   Shan   Ku,   also   known   as   Ko   So   Kun, who   did   accept   him   as   a   student   and   handed   him   down   this   Kata.   If Ku   Shan   Ku   was   the   founder   of   the   Kata   is   unknown.   Kushanku   is   a typical   chinese   Kata.   Very   long,   fast   and   with   acrobatic   elements which demands a high flexibility. According   to   some   master   it   will   need   10   years   for   mastering   the Kata.   This   includes   not   only   the   technical   skills   for   doing   the   Kata,   but especially   the   fighting   aspects.   Not   only   the   knowledge   about   to   use the   techniques,   but   also   the   knowledge   how   to   use   the   technique   in real   fight   is   important.   In   Shuri-te   as   well   as   in   Tomari-te   the   Kata   is known as the most advanced one.. It    has    been    used    from    many    master,    has    been    developed    and interpreted.   So   there   are   many   different   versions   like   the   Chatanyara no    Kushanku,    Sakugawa    no    Kushanku,    Kuniyoshi    no    Kushanku, Chibana no Kushanku and Itosu no Kushanku. The most authentic version is probably the Chatanyara no Kushanku All   these   Kushanku   versions   are   very   similar,   expect   the   Chibana   no Kushanku,   which   is   in   parts   similar   to   the   Kosokun   Sho.   Itosu   no Kushanku   is   the   basic   of   the   Kata   Kosokun   Dai   (Kanku   Sho)   and Kosokun   Sho   (Kanku   Sho).   And   also   the   Shiho   Kosokun   is   sometimes called   as   a   creation   of   Yasutsune   Itosu,   as   a   kind   of   summary   of   the main   techniques   from   Kosokun   Dai   and   Kosokun   Sho.   But,   according to    Kenzo    Mabuni    Shiho    Kosokun    was    made    by    his    father    Kenwa Mabuni. Some   techniques   allows   to   count   Kushanku   to   the   style   of   white crane.   The   idea   to   see   the   Kata   as   a   Kata   for   fighting   in   the   Night   or fighting   in   the   darkness   isn't   without   doubts.   Basic   for   this   theory   are the   technique   to   duck   down   to   the   ground.      Some   suppose   that   this   is a    kind    of    emergency    dodge,    because    of    the    sound    of    an    attack without to be able, because of the darkness, to see the attack. But   this   technique   is   only   to   see   in   Kanku   Dai   and   in   no   other   older version of Kushanku, so it’s not for sure to see it like this. We   can   see   mystic   in   some   Kata.   But   it’s   not   necessary   to   try   to   make them even more mystic.
Jion Ji’in Jitte
Kosokun Dai Kosokun Sho Kushanku
Naifanchin Shodan Naifanchin Nidan Naifanchin Sandan
Meaning of the name Sidewise fighting 1 Moves: 27
Naifanchin Shodan
Classification Shorin-Ryu
Style Shito Ryu / Shotokan
Level Medium
Naifanchin   is   an   old   Chinese   Form.   The   original   version   is   very   long and   especially   the   movements   from   Naifanchin   Dachi   into   Kosa   Dachi will   be   done   with   maximum   speed,   in   chinese   Quan   Fa,   while   it's   done very   slowly   in   okinawan   Karate.   But   this   kind   of   fast   move   out   by   step into   Kosa   Dachi   is   one   of   the   main   points   of   the   fighting   principles   of the   Kata.   In   Naifanchin   Shodan   it's   done   in   the   beginning   of   the   Kata in   a   way   which   also   allows   to   do   Hiza   Geri.   Another   speciality   of   the Kata are the Ashi Barai techniques and the Morote zuki to the side. Naifanchin   Shodan   is   a   very   short   Kata.   One   of   the   main   parts   are that   all   techniques   will   be   done   left   and   right   side.   So   both   sides   of the body will make a profit by this. There   are   a   lot   of   theories   trying   to   explain   the   reason   why   it’s   done only   to   the   side.   Some   suppose   that   the   Kata   give   a   simulation   for techniques   sitting   on   the   back   of   a   horse,   according   to   the   stance Naifanchin   Dachi   (horse   stance).   But   we   can   have   doubt’s,   in   point   of view   that   techniques   (Ura   zuki)   will   be   done   to   the   front   (to   the horses   neck?).   Another   theory   tells   that   the   Kata   teaches   the   art   to fight   in   low   space,   with   the   back   on   a   wall,   or   an   abysss,   where   only the   way   to   the   side   is   possible.   This   is   obvious   what's   done   in   the Kata.    But    the    figthing    principles    of    any    Kata    mustn't    follow    the principles   of   training.   So   it   is   also   possible   to   make   this   steps   not   only to   the   side,   but   also   in   diagonal   directions.   So   it   is   possible   to   step around the opponent. And   by   using   this   kind   of   move   out,   the   fighting   ways   of   the   Kata   are very effective, dynamic and surprising.
Meaning of the name Sidewise fighting 2 Moves: 30
Naifanchin Nidan
Classification Shorin-Ryu
Style Shito Ryu / Shotokan
Level Medium
Naifanchin   Nidan   is   as   short   than   Shodan   and   starts   with   a   release techinque by using Empi. In   a   chinese   version   this   is   the   beginn   of   the   original   Naifanchin. Which was  known in Naha-te before the Kata found the way to Shuri. In   the   Shuri-te   lineage   the   Kata   was   used   from   Anko   Azato   who handed    it    down    to    Gichin    Funakoshi    in    the    old    original    version. Yasutsune   Itosu   did   develop   the   Kata   to   the   present   knwon   version Naifanchin Shodan, Nidan and Sandan. But   also   it's   said   that   Sokon   Matsumura   did   create   Naifanchin   Shodan and   Nidan.   The   summary   of   all   three   version   don't   bring   it   back   to   the original Naifanchin. A   special   point   of   Naifanchin   Nidan   is   a   way   of   doing   Ashi   Bara   which is   very   similiar   to   the   Osoto   Gari   which   is   known   from   Judo.   These throwing   technique   is   very   effective   and   good   for   close   combat   even in tournaments. In   fact   the   Naifanchin   are   Kata   with   fighting   principles   of   a   high   level. To   interpret   them   as   fighting   to   the   side,   or   with   the   back   on   the   wall, is   as   if   to   look   at   the   forrest   and   only   to   be   able   to   see   one   single tree. So   the   Naifanchin   Shodan   was   the   primary   Kata   of   Choki   Motobu,   one of the most famous fighters of Okinawa. The   original   version,   is   in   the   hand   of   some   very   few   grand   masters like Kenei Mabuni.
Meaning of the name Sidewise fighting 3 Moves: 35
Naifanchin Sandan
Classification Shorin-Ryu
Style Shito Ryu / Shotokan
Level Medium
Naifanchin   Sandan   ist   the   longest   and   most   advanced   of   the   three Kata. It includes very difficult combinations. So   at   the   beginning   we   find   8   arm   techniques   done   in   Naifanchin Dachi without any brake or any step. These    techniques    are,    in    connection    with    a    difficult    kind    of    hip insertion, are from highly technical level. Another    part    are    the    circular    techniques    which    are    using    the possibilities of the shoulder joint to create centrifugal forces. In   fact   the   three   Naifanchin   Kata   at   all   includes   a   very   advanced   and versatile   complete   fighting   system.   About   the   roots   of   the   original version   only   few   details   are   known.   So   the   Chinese   master   Ason   was probably the one who brought the Kata to Okinawa into the Naha-te. Into    the    Shotokan    style    the    Kata    was    taken    nearly    without    any changes. Only   the   stance   Naifanchin   Dachi,   which   is   just   a   bit   more   than shoulder   wide   and   more   a   kind   of   high   stance,   but   with   a   lot   of stability   and   possibilities   for   fast   reactions,   was   exchanged   with   Kiba Dachi.   But   the   Kiba   Dachi   doesn't   match   well   with   the   original   fighting methodes of the Kata.
Karatekata
Shuri-/Tomari-te 2
Karatekata
Shito Ryu
Shuri-/Tomari-te 2